4 Types of Steel Plates Used in Constructions

Types of Steel Plates used in Constructions

Steel plates are probably the most common type of steel that is used everywhere. Steel plates are essentially metal slabs that come in a variety of thicknesses. These plates have a variety of properties, including the ability to withstand high temperatures, high impact, and strong substances. This creates a more secure surface for various industrial locations and equipment. Depending on the application and industry, the appropriate steel plate should be chosen.

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Types of Steel Plates

Mild Steel Plates

Mild steel plates are most commonly used for construction and industrial purposes. They are easy to weld, because of which creating structures and sections are very easy. They can easily be cut and bent into various shapes, which makes it easier to make different steel structures and equipment. Compared to other steel types, mild steel is very versatile and easy to handle, and this is why it is very popularly used in the construction industry

Checkered Plates

Standard steel plates that have raised angular patterns on their surface are called checkered plates. The angular plates increase the surface grip of the steel, making it easier to move around. With these plates, the skid and slippage experienced while moving items are reduced.

Galvanized Sheets

During the galvanization process, steel sections are immersed in molten zinc, forming a layer on the steel’s surface. This zinc layer adds strength to the material. Galvanized plates can also be molded into various shapes to create structures for various project requirements.

B.I and G.I. Sheets

B.I. and G.I. steel plates are also manufactured by the process of galvanization.  The additional protective layer increases their strength and resistance to various environments. These are carbon steel plates that have been zinc-coated on all sides. The steel is dipped into molten zinc once more, and this time electro-galvanizing is performed. An electric current is passed through the zinc that will be applied to the surface of the steel. These steel plates are used in environments with varying temperatures and strong substances.


Steel plates are an essential part of any construction. They provide the strength and stability necessary for most structures. While there are many types of steel plates, we looked at four specific ones: structural steel plates, weathering steel plates, boilerplates, and stainless steel sheets. Structural steel is often found in bridges and buildings, weathering steel is used in applications that may experience frequent changes in environmental conditions, boilerplates are used in the production of boilers and other industrial equipment, and stainless steel sheets are popular due to their corrosion resistance and aesthetic appeal. Each type of plate serves a unique purpose and should be selected according to the specific project requirements. Additionally, it’s important to consider potential fabrication needs as well when trying to determine the best type of plate for a project. Knowing all of this information can help architects make informed decisions about what type of steel plate will be most cost effective yet provide the optimal outcome for any given structure or project.

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