Tool Steel vs Hardened Steel – What’s the Difference?

Steel is an essential material used in various industries, from manufacturing to construction. Tool steel and hardened steel are two of the most commonly used steel types in the market. While they may seem similar, there are significant differences between them. Understanding these distinctions can help you make an informed decision on which one to choose for your project. In this blog post, we will compare tool steel vs hardened steel, including their properties, applications, and benefits.

Difference between Tool Steel and Hardened Steel

Properties of Tool Steel vs Hardened Steel

Tool steel is a type of carbon and alloy steel that exhibits superior hardness, wear resistance, and toughness. It is designed to withstand high temperatures and exert high pressure while retaining its shape. Tool steel is classified into three categories: high-speed steel, hot work steel, and cold work steel. High-speed steel is used for cutting tools, while hot work steel is used for molds and dies. Cold work steel is used for forging, stamping, and forming.

On the other hand, hardened steel refers to any steel that has undergone heat treatment to increase its strength and durability. The process involves heating the steel above its critical temperature and then quenching it in a liquid medium such as oil or water. Hardened steel is characterized by its high tensile strength, toughness, and wear resistance.

Applications of Tool Steel vs Hardened Steel

Tool steel is used in various applications that require high durability, hardness, and wear resistance. For example, it is used in the manufacturing of cutting tools such as drills, saw blades, and taps. Tool steel is also used for the production of mold and die components for plastic injection molding and die casting processes. Additionally, it is used in the automotive, aerospace, and construction industries.

Hardened steel, on the other hand, is used in applications that require high strength and durability. For example, it is used in the manufacturing of machine components such as gears, shafts, and bearings. Hardened steel is also used for the production of firearms, knives, and swords. Additionally, it is used in the automotive and aerospace industries.

Benefits of Tool Steel vs Hardened Steel

One of the key benefits of using tool steel is its ability to maintain its shape and size even at high temperatures. This property allows tool steel to withstand heavy loads and high impact forces while retaining its properties. Additionally, tool steel is highly resistant to wear, making it an excellent choice for manufacturing cutting tools and dies.

Hardened steel, on the other hand, exhibits high tensile strength and toughness, making it an ideal material for applications that require high strength and durability. It is also resistant to wear and corrosion, making it an excellent choice for machine components that are exposed to harsh environments.

Cost of Tool Steel vs Hardened Steel

Tool steel is generally more expensive than hardened steel due to its superior properties and performance. On average, the cost of tool steel is about 20 to 30% higher than that of hardened steel. However, the cost may vary depending on the specific type and grade of the steel. For more information visit MarketsMartb2b

Conclusion:

Tool steel and hardened steel are two distinct types of steel that offer unique properties and benefits. Tool steel is designed to withstand high temperatures and heavy loads while retaining its shape and properties. It is commonly used in cutting tools, molds, and dies. Hardened steel, on the other hand, is heat treated to increase its strength and durability. It is commonly used in machine components, firearms, and knives. Understanding the differences between these two steel types can help you make an informed decision on which one to choose for your project.

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