How to Clean Magnesium – An Overview

Magnesium is widely considered a wonder metal due to its various industrial applications. From its use in automotive parts to household appliances, this metal is highly prized for its light weight and strength. However, maintaining magnesium components in top condition requires regular cleaning, which can be challenging. This article will provide an overview of how to clean magnesium.

What is Magnesium?

Magnesium is one of the most abundant elements in our environment, found in seawater, igneous rocks and soil. It is vital for sustaining life on earth; it contributes to the structure of bones and teeth, helps regulate enzyme activity, and is important for muscle contractions. In addition to being required as a dietary supplement by many organisms, magnesium plays an important role in photosynthesis. Physically, it is a silvery-white metal that can be easily cut with a knife or sawed into thin sheets – making it perfect for use in electronics or other applications requiring strength or malleability.

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Understanding Magnesium Properties

Magnesium is a reactive and flammable metal that can easily rust when exposed to moisture or harsh chemicals. Therefore, acidic or abrasive cleaning products can damage the metal surface and affect its shine. To avoid this, it is crucial to understand the properties of magnesium before cleaning it. For example, magnesium cannot withstand high heat, so using cool water and avoiding steam cleaning is essential.

Safe Cleaning Techniques

The basic rule of cleaning magnesium is to use mild cleaning agents that are safe for the metal and non-reactive. A mixture of warm water and mild dish soap is a good option for cleaning magnesium components. This solution should be applied with a soft-bristled brush or a sponge to remove dirt and grime. Baking soda or a specialized metal cleaner can be used for more stubborn stains. It is important to rinse the magnesium components thoroughly with clean water to remove any cleaning residue and then dry them with a soft cloth to avoid water spots.

Cleaning Different Types of Magnesium

Different types of magnesium, such as cast, wrought, or extruded magnesium, require different cleaning methods. For example, cast magnesium has a rougher surface than wrought magnesium and, therefore, requires a more gentle cleaning approach. When cleaning cast magnesium components, avoiding harsh scrubbing and using soft bristles is recommended. Wrought magnesium, on the other hand, has a smoother surface and can withstand stronger cleaning agents, such as vinegar or citrus-based cleaners.

Preventive Measures

To maintain magnesium in its top condition, it is important to take preventive measures that minimize exposure to harsh elements that can accelerate corrosion. This includes keeping magnesium components dry and storing them in a dry place away from moisture. Applying a protective coating, such as wax or oil, can also help prevent corrosion and preserve the shine of magnesium components. Additionally, avoiding contact with other metals, such as copper or steel, helps prevent galvanic corrosion, which can damage the magnesium surface.

Seeking Professional Help

While cleaning magnesium components can be done at home, seeking professional help for complicated processes is wise. For example, repairing magnesium parts requires specialized skills and equipment, and trying to do it yourself can result in further damage. Professional cleaning and repair services understand the properties of magnesium and can provide customized solutions for each case.


Cleaning magnesium components requires attention to detail, a proper understanding of metal properties, and care in selecting cleaning agents. Following safe cleaning techniques, learning about different types of magnesium, taking preventive measures, and seeking professional help can help maintain magnesium components in good condition. With these tips, your magnesium components will continue to shine for a long time, and you will enjoy their durability and beauty for years.

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